Original Research

Physical Education delivery in the intermediate schooling phase in South African public schools

Clinton D. Swanepoel, Charl J. Roux
South African Journal of Childhood Education | Vol 14, No 1 | a1341 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajce.v14i1.1341 | © 2024 Clinton D. Swanepoel, Charl J. Roux | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 March 2023 | Published: 19 January 2024

About the author(s)

Clinton D. Swanepoel, Department of Sport and Movement Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Charl J. Roux, Department of Sport and Movement Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa


Background: The use of the Curriculum Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS) and delivery of Physical Education (PE) concerning time allocation, resources and number of learners per class is crucial for optimal delivery to the intermediate-phase (IP) learner.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the gap between the understanding and the interpretation of the content and requirements of the CAPS document, and the delivery of PE in the IP, in selected public schools in the Alberton region of Gauteng province, South Africa.

Setting: Alberton, a suburb of Johannesburg, was identified. This geographical area was divided into four segments. Two primary schools from each segment were purposefully selected according to the quintile levels.

Methods: A mixed method of data gathering was used. Questionnaires were administered and focus-group discussions (FGDs) were held. Participants were selected using a purposive sampling method. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Qualitative data were analysed using direct quotes and themes.

Results: The findings are in line with the results of the South African Universities Physical Education Association (SAUPEA) National Research Project in that teachers require further training on the interpretation of the CAPS document. Aspects of the CAPS document cannot be executed because of time allocation, class size, and a lack of resources and equipment.

Conclusion: To adhere to the expectations of the CAPS document, the use of available facilities, equipment, number of learners per class, and time allocation in PE need improvement.

Contribution: Enriching the PE curriculum through collaborating with stakeholders in local communities and governmental support.


physical education; primary schools; life skills; intermediate phase; curriculum assessment policy statement.


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